Essays and Aphorisms
One of the greatest philosophers of the nineteenth century, Schopenhauer (1788-1860) believed that human action is determined not by reason but by 'will' - the blind and irrational desire for physical existence. This selection of his writings on religion, ethics, politics, women, suicide, books and many other themes is taken from Schopenhauer's last work, Parerga and Paralipomena, which he published in 1851. These pieces depict humanity as locked in a struggle beyond good and evil, and each individual absolutely free within a Godless world, in which art, morality and self-awareness are our only salvation.
This innovative - and pessimistic - view has proved powerfully influential upon philosophy and art, directly affecting the work of Nietzsche, Wittgenstein and Wagner among others. Arthur Schopenhauer was born in Danzig in 1788 where his family, of Dutch origin, owned a respected trading house. Arthur was expected to inherit the business, but hated the work and in 1807, after his father's suicide and the sale of the business, he enrolled in the grammar school at Gotha.
He went on to study medicine and science at Gottingen University and in 1810 began to study philosophy. In 1811 he transferred to Berlin to write his doctoral thesis, and began to write The World as Will and Idea, a complete exploration of his philosophy, which was finished in 1818. Although the book failed to sell, his belief in his own views sustained him through twenty-five years of frustrated desire for fame.
During his middle life he travelled widely in Europe and in 1844 brought out a much expanded edition of his book, which after his death became one of the most widely read of all philosophical works. His fame was established in 1851 with the publication of Parerga and Paralipomena, a collection of dialogues, essays and aphorisms. He died in 1860.
R.J. Hollingdale has translated works by, among others, Schopenhauer, Goethe, T.A. Hoffmann, Lichtenburg and Theodor Fontane, as well as eleven of Nietzsche's books, many for the Penguin Classics.
He has published two books on Nietzsche and was Honorary President of the British Nietzsche Society until his death in 2003.
Published: in UK in 2014
Publisher: Penguin Classics
ISBN 13: 9780141395913
ISBN 10: 0141395915
Shipping & Delivery
Please allow us 24-48 hours to prepare your order. Once your order is ready to be dispatched, we will send it via Deutsche Post DHL which quotes the following delivery times:
Within Germany: 2-4 working days
Within Europe: 3-6 working days
Due to the coronavirus pandemic, delivery times can vary, we aim to keep you updated if delivery time is longer than expected.
We currently only ship to countries in Europe and the United Kingdom. If you have a request for shipping to another area of the world, please contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Refunds & Returns
At Shakespeare & Sons you can shop with confidence. We are happy to provide a refund or voucher of equal value where the goods are returned within 21 days of purchase unused, in original condition, accompanied by proof of purchase.
To return an online order within the refund policy period, please contact us and we will then give you instructions on how best to return your order so we can process your refund.
To return an in store purchase, please bring the purchased item and proof of receipt into the store, within 21 days of purchase.
Please note we do not offer discretionary exchange or refunds on Gift Vouchers, Sale Items, or damaged products.
Gift Wrap & Cards
Shakespeare & Sons offer gift wrapping and greeting cards. To have your items gift wrapped, head to our Gift Wrap collection, choose the paper you prefer and add it to your cart. We will wrap the items for you and send them to the address you have submitted or have it ready in store for you to collect (depending on what option you select at check out).
Check out our Greeting Card collection here. If you would like us to include a message in your selected card, forward your purchase confirmation onto email@example.com with some words and we will add these in for you.
We're here to help
Can't find what you're looking for?
Essays and Aphorisms